The New Gender Paradigm

Natural and Iatrogenic Transsexuals

Note that Brenda's post-op status is identical to that of any transman.  Just like Bruce, every transman is born with a Male Gender & Gender Identity.  However, both have Female Biology -- Bruce, because of surgery; a transman, as a result of fetal development.    And both are being forced to dress & behave like girls (Gender Expression).

...Both Bruce and any transman have been trapped in Wrong-Gender Expression, when outward Gender Expression doesn't match inner Gender & Gender Identity. 

"In the end it is only the children themselves who can and must identify who and what they are.  It is for us as clinicians and researchers to listen and to learn.  Clinical decisions must ultimately be based not on anatomical predictions, nor on the 'correctness' of sexual function, for this is neither a question of morality nor of social consequence, but on that path most appropriate to the likeliest psychosexual developmental pattern of the child.  In other words, the organ that appears to be critical to psychosexual development and adaptation is not the external genitalia, but the brain."
            -- Dr William Reiner 
               To Be Male or Female--That is the Question, Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine Volume 151, pp. 224-225 (1997)



The "Social Construct" myth remains at the core of current Gender Theory.  It's taught in schools & universities.  It's evoked every time a transsexual is defined as "someone who doesn't conform to their assigned gender at birth."  Dr Kenneth Zucker (Gender Identity Service, Toronto) uses it to justify his reparation therapy for transsexuality (transsexual youth & teens are punished for gender-appropriate dress & behavior, while being forced to adopt wrong-gender dress & behavior).

In fact, Dr Paul McHugh, Chairman of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins -- the great pioneer in medical transphobia -- uses the immutable gender data to justify treatment refusal for transsexuals.  Gender may be immutable for Brenda Reimer and infants with Cloacal Exstrophy, but he knows it's a "Social Construct" in the case of transsexuals:


"Having looked at the Reiner and Meyer studies, we in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Department eventually concluded that human sexual identity is mostly built into our constitution by the genes we inherit and the embryogenesis we undergo.  Male hormones sexualize the brain and the mind.  Sexual dysphoria — a sense of disquiet in one’s sexual role — naturally occurs amongst those rare males who are raised as females in an effort to correct an infantile genital structural problem.  A seemingly similar disquiet can be socially induced in apparently constitutionally normal males, in association with (and presumably prompted by) serious behavioral aberrations, amongst which are conflicted homosexual orientations and the remarkable male deviation now called autogynephilia."

"Quite clearly, then, we psychiatrists should work to discourage those adults who seek surgical sex reassignment. When Hopkins announced that it would stop doing these procedures in adults with sexual dysphoria, many other hospitals followed suit, but some medical centers still carry out this surgery.   I am disappointed but not surprised by this, given that some surgeons and medical centers can be persuaded to carry out almost any kind of surgery when pressed by patients with sexual deviations."

"We at Hopkins hold that official psychiatry has good evidence to argue against this kind of treatment and should begin to close down the practice everywhere."
          FIRST THINGS:  The Journal of Religion, Culture and Public Life [Roman Catholic] #147: November 2004

           © Cassandra Branch MD (2015)

That's exactly like how it feels to be a pre-transition transsexual.

The most important question on this entire website is: 

          How did Brenda know he was different from the other children? 

"You say to yourself, I don't feel like a girl."  -- That's a male Gender Identity.

But there's more:  "I’m supposed to be like this girl over here but I’m acting like this guy."   --  He had a male Gender.

Two babies:  They certainly look the same.  We know that one is a boy, only because he's wearing blue.  Switch onesies, and the boy becomes a girl -- and the girl becomes a boy.        Right?

The Bruce / Brenda Reimer Story

"We act as if that being of a man or that being of a woman is actually an internal reality or something that is simply true about us, a fact about us, but actually it's a phenomenon that is being produced all the time and reproduced all the time, so to say gender is performative is to say that nobody really is a gender from the start."
       
Judith Butler PhD, gender theorist & feminist extraordinaire

Right-Gender Expression

Right-Gender Expression is when outward appearance (Biology & Gender Expression) matches inner soul (Gender Identity & Gender - Presonality).  Wrong-gender distress is gone, Harassment distress depends on how well you can pass.   But the Emotional Injury lingers long after. 

What is Gender?

Gender is the boy-ish essence that set Brenda apart from his classmates.  For the most part, it's personality traits, values & interests:  Brenda was active and aggressive.  Society told him he was a girl, but he didn't want to do "girl things".  

His inner gender did influence his outward expression:  He hated dresses.  He was given dolls, but he played with trucks -- these were his choices.

Brenda's Gender & Gender Identity had already been irrevocably established when Bruce was born.  Bruce wasn't born with an "empty slate".   The most rigorous social conditioning imaginable couldn't turn Brenda into Really a Girl.

         Gender is NOT a "Social Construct"

Brenda's male gender was clearly evident to his teacher & classmates.  In turn, they fulfilled society's imperative:   Tease & ridicule everyone who doesn't conform.

Inevitably, Brenda found out what had happened to him during infancy.   He was furious -- no wonder he felt and behaved like a boy!   Like any other transsexual, he demanded to go back to what he really was. 

...He was fortunate in that respect:  WPATH didn't force him to undergo psychotherapy for his supposed "mental illness".   He didn't need two letters  for the surgeon.  He didn't have his puberty taken away in the hope he might change his mind. 


At age 14, the iatrogenic transsexual Brenda transitioned into a boy named David.  At age 31, David underwent genital repair -- he went from biologic-female to biologic-male.   Like naturally-born transsexuals, transitioning made him whole.  He married and adopted 3 children.


But his childhood trauma had taken a toll.  On 2 May 2004, 39 year old David broke up with his wife and committed suicide.     ...Just like so many other transsexuals.

The next table shows Brenda' gender status after Dr Money is finished with him -- after genital surgery has changed biology and rearing as a girl has changed gender expression (Shown in red).

Social Construct Theory predicts that Brenda's training would make her gender-female in all respects.

But he isn't.     Brenda is aware that something is very wrong. 

It turns out, changing biology to female and rearing as a female (gender expression) doesn't affect a child's innate gender & gender identity.

It's essential to keep track of Bruce's gender status as he goes through all these changes:

If Social Construct Theory were correct, then all gender components would be blank at birth -- ready for society to do its magic.

However, if gender has already been established at the time of birth, then Gender & Gender Identity are male at birth and unchangeable throughout life.  This is shown in the following table -- Bruce has the same gender profile as any other boy.

Dr John Money,

Johns Hopkins Gender Expert.

Brenda Reimer's creator

Brenda's Story

In contrast to Dr Money's glowing reports, Brenda was NOT doing well.  He adamantly refused to wear the dresses his mother gave him. He tore apart the dolls he got for Christmas and played with his brother's Tinkertoys & dump trucks instead. 

And he was harassed at school:

“As you’d walk by, they’d start giggling.  Not one, but almost the whole class.  It’d be like that every day. The whole school would make fun of you about one thing or another.”

"You know generally what a girl is like, and you know generally what a guy is like.  And everyone is telling you that you’re a girl.  But you say to yourself, ‘I don’t feel like a girl.’  You think girls are supposed to be delicate and like girl things – tea parties, things like that.  But I like to do guy stuff.  

"It doesn’t match. So you figure, ‘Well, there’s something wrong here. If I’m supposed to be like this girl over here but I’m acting like this guy, I guess I gotta be an it.’"

      -- Brenda Reimer

His family remembered:  

“It started the first day of kindergarten.  She was teased every day.  It wasn’t a weekly thing. Or a monthly thing. This was a daily thing. They’d call her names, ignore her, not involve her in the groups.  Even the teacher didn’t accept her. The teachers knew there was something different.”

Gender is a "Social Construct"

Almost a century ago, psychologists declared that they controlled the world.  In their view, every person was born with an empty brain ("tabula rasa") -- no personality, no natural talents; not even natural instincts.  Everything that a person became was taught to them by their parents and by society.    ...Including gender.   A girl was a girl only because her parents told her so.  She wore dresses because that was how her parents dressed her.  She liked dolls only because that was what her parents gave her for Christmas. 

If those parents had given her trucks instead, then she would have grown up to be a construction worker or fire fighter.


Just think:  If psychologists could convince mothers across the nation to give dolls to anyone with a penis, then gender roles would be reversed:  Every CEO would have a vagina, while having a penis would condemn a person to lifelong servitude in the kitchen & laundry room.   


Sociologists describe it this way:  "Gender is a social construct."

Brenda Reimer:


Gender is innate

Scientific "Truth"

The truth about Brenda was revealed by John Colapinto in Rolling Stone Magazine (December 1997 -- later expanded into the book, As Nature Made Him. [Harper Perennial -- 2006])   You'd think that the Truth would've humiliated Dr Money, forced Gender Theory to take a new direction, and should've made WPATH fire all their psychiatrists -- opening the gate for medical transitioning.

Not so.   Gender theory and WPATH are impervious to actual data.  Dr Money stayed at Johns Hopkins, continuing to promote his theories on gender and pedophilia.  The Social Construction of Gender is still gospel in the ivory towers of academia.  And WPATH still needs psychiatrists to defend the rights of regretters everywhere.


Deja Vu
Enter Cloacal Exstrophy.  It's an intersexual condition in which an infant is born with a bladder that is open to the outside environment.  That open cavity usually includes the penis, vagina, scrotum, and even the rectum.  In other words, the infant usually has so-called "ambiguous genitaiia" -- an open cavity instead of formed genital structures.

It's a surgical emergency:  if the cavity is allowed to remain open, germs from the environment can make their way into the baby's kidneys and other internal organs.  So, the cavity has to be closed.  ...But why not fix the genitals while we're at it?


The pediatric surgeons knew about the "Social Construct Myth":  Give XY infants female genitals.  Discard the testicles.  Raise the infant as a girl.  Problem solved.

In the early years, the parents we'ren't even told that their baby was XY.   Doctors "assigned" the newborn to be a girl; "F" was marked on the birth certificate.

Just like Bruce Reimer, ALL of these experiments were utter failures. 

       Not once did the surgeons and psychiatrists succeed in turning a boy into a girl. 

Every one of the XY newborns had an inner sense that they were boys, in spite of being raised as girls.  Over half of the test subjects demanded surgical restoration;  the rest balked at the complex, expensive and largely ineffective surgery.  They transitioned without the surgery.

See Reiner, Discordant Sexual Identity in Some Genetic Males with Cloacal Exstrophy Assigned to Female Sex at Birth  New England Journal of Medicine 350:333-341 (2004)

Human Experimentation

Bruce Reimer was one of a set of identical twins born on 22 August 1965.  At 8 months of age, a circumcision went horribly wrong:  Bruce's genitals were destroyed.


At that time, the Johns Hopkins psychiatrist, Dr John Money, was revered as the ultimate expert on all matters of gender and biologic-sex.  When the two panicked parents asked for his advice, he saw the perfect opportunity to prove the Gender Construct Theory once and for all:  He recommended turning little Bruce into a girl:  Give "her" a girl's name (ie, Brenda), put "her" in a pink dress, and give her a doll.      Presto-chango, another proof of psychiatry's overwhelming power!


Gender experts were ecstatic when the good doctor announced his experiment.  Every year the medical community was awed by a report about how the growing child was female in every respect:

"No one [outside the parents] knows [that she was born a boy].  Nor would they ever conjecture.  Her behavior is so clearly that of an active little girl, and so different by contrast from the boyish ways of her twin brother, that it offers nothing to stimulate one’s conjectures.”

                  --- John Money, Archives of Sexual Behavior (1975)

This was the researcher's conclusion: 


"In the end it is only the children themselves who can and must identify who and what they are.  It is for us as clinicians and researchers to listen and to learn.  Clinical decisions must ultimately be based not on anatomical predictions, nor on the 'correctness' of sexual function, for this is neither a question of morality nor of social consequence, but on that path most appropriate to the likeliest psychosexual developmental pattern of the child.  In other words, the organ that appears to be critical to psychosexual development and adaptation is not the external genitalia, but the brain."
            -- Dr William Reiner 
               To Be Male or Female--That is the Question, Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine Volume 151, pp. 224-225 (1997)



The "Social Construct" myth remains at the core of current Gender Theory.  It's taught in schools & universities.  It's evoked every time a transsexual is defined as "someone who doesn't conform to their assigned gender at birth."  Dr Kenneth Zucker (Gender Identity Service, Toronto) uses it to justify his reparation therapy for transsexuality (transsexual youth & teens are punished for gender-appropriate dress & behavior, while being forced to adopt wrong-gender dress & behavior).

In fact, Dr Paul McHugh, Chairman of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins -- the great pioneer in medical transphobia -- uses the immutable gender data to justify treatment refusal for transsexuals.  Gender may be immutable for Brenda Reimer and infants with Cloacal Exstrophy, but he knows it's a "Social Construct" in the case of transsexuals:


"Having looked at the Reiner and Meyer studies, we in the Johns Hopkins Psychiatry Department eventually concluded that human sexual identity is mostly built into our constitution by the genes we inherit and the embryogenesis we undergo.  Male hormones sexualize the brain and the mind.  Sexual dysphoria — a sense of disquiet in one’s sexual role — naturally occurs amongst those rare males who are raised as females in an effort to correct an infantile genital structural problem.  A seemingly similar disquiet can be socially induced in apparently constitutionally normal males, in association with (and presumably prompted by) serious behavioral aberrations, amongst which are conflicted homosexual orientations and the remarkable male deviation now called autogynephilia."

"Quite clearly, then, we psychiatrists should work to discourage those adults who seek surgical sex reassignment. When Hopkins announced that it would stop doing these procedures in adults with sexual dysphoria, many other hospitals followed suit, but some medical centers still carry out this surgery.   I am disappointed but not surprised by this, given that some surgeons and medical centers can be persuaded to carry out almost any kind of surgery when pressed by patients with sexual deviations."

"We at Hopkins hold that official psychiatry has good evidence to argue against this kind of treatment and should begin to close down the practice everywhere."
          FIRST THINGS:  The Journal of Religion, Culture and Public Life [Roman Catholic] #147: November 2004

           © Cassandra Branch MD (2015)